Major

11 courses

1. Four 100-level courses
One course from each group and one elective from any group or PSYC 185. Group 1: 110, 120, 125, 130. Group 2: 155, 160, 165, 175. Group 3: 135, 140, 145, 150. Psychology 180 courses are designated by the chair as an elective or as belonging in Group 1, 2 or 3.

2. 210 and 211

3. Two 300-level courses

4. Two 400-level courses

5. An additional 300-level course, OR
An additional 400-level course, OR
500 independent study in psychology, OR
550 independent research in psychology, OR
560 student/faculty collaboration research

Students are eligible to declare the psychology major after successful completion of 210.

All courses above the 100-level must be taken in the department. Exceptions to this rule may be granted to students who study at approved overseas programs and/or who petition the department chair.

Minor

Six courses, including 210 and 211 and a course from the 300-level group of research methods classes. Normally, four of the six courses (including the 210, 211 sequence and the 300-level course) must be completed in the department.

Suggested curricular flow through the major

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Students must complete PSYC 210 and PSYC 211 before they will be eligible to take any upper-level courses in psychology.

Generally speaking, students complete 300- and 400-level Psychology courses during their third and fourth years. Below is an example of Psychology courses taken during a student’s four years at Dickinson College:

First Year
At least one 100-level courses
PSYC 210 (if possible)

Sophomore Year
At least two 100-level courses
PSYC 210 and PSYC 211 

Junior Year
At least one 100-level and one 300-level course
400-level seminar (if appropriate)
Semester abroad

Senior Year
Complete all remaining requirements

For specific information regarding requirements for majoring in Psychology, please consult the Psychology Department’s website. Students also are encouraged to speak with the Department Chair or any faculty member within the department to discuss navigating the major.

Independent study and independent research

Exceptional students may participate in traditional internships, independent study, and independent research projects (see Bulletin section entitled Special Approaches to Study).

Honors

Honors are granted to graduating seniors who write a paper which psychology faculty believe fit the criteria for excellence. The paper is based on a long-term empirical research project in psychology. To be awarded honors, the student must have, at graduation, a GPA of at least 3.7 in all of the Psychology courses taken (including courses taken abroad), an overall GPA of 3.5, and a majority faculty vote. Students interested in honors should consult the document "Advanced Psychological Research Projects," which is available from the department and at the department's web site.

Opportunities for off-campus study

Students who are interested in study abroad are urged to plan their programs carefully and begin the major early. An advising session is offered each semester that addresses this topic.

Co-curricular activities/programs

The Psychology Club and Psi Chi (the national honor society for psychology undergraduates) collaborate to sponsor events throughout the academic session. We host guest speakers, regular meetings, social events, and advising panels on careers, internships, and graduate school opportunities. Any student is eligible to join the Psychology Club.

Check out the Psychology Club Facebook page for additional details: //www.facebook.com/DsonPsychClub

The Psychology Department also regularly posts updates about events and opportunities on their Facebook page: //www.facebook.com/DickinsonPsychology.

Courses

110 Animal Learning and Cognition
In this introductory course, we examine how fundamental principles, derived from the field of animal learning, govern simple and complex human behavior. Topics such as classical and operant conditioning, stimulus control, extinction and avoidance are discussed.
Attributes: Appropriate for First-Year, PSYC 100-level Group 1, Social Sciences

120 Introduction to Health Psychology
This course is designed to provide a broad overview of the interdisciplinary field of health psychology, which uses scientific research methods to study the bi-directional relationship between psychology and health. We will discuss psychological states such as stress and how they affect the body, and mental processes such as finding meaning that are associated with effective coping and positive health outcomes. We will also study health behaviors such as exercise, sleep, eating, and substance use. Finally, we will explore how psychological concepts and research can be applied to health promotion and illness prevention. Course content will be especially relevant to students considering careers in health care or public health.
Attributes: Health Studies Elective, PSYC 100-level Group 1, Social Sciences

125 Brain and Behavior w/Lab
This course will introduce the structure and function of the brain as it influences human behavior. The level of study will be from a molar viewpoint, and findings from such fields as neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, and endocrinology will be considered in their relation to a number of behavioral processes. In the laboratory, students will engage in hand-on activities to explore brain anatomy, behavioral analysis and brain-behavior relationships. This course is a Health Studies elective.
Three hours classroom and three hours laboratory a week.
Attributes: Appropriate for First-Year, Health Studies Elective, Lab Sciences, PSYC 100-level Group 1

130 Perception, Memory & Thought
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Attributes: Appropriate for First-Year, ENST Discip Spec (ESDS), PSYC 100-level Group 1, Social Sciences

135 Psychology of Women and Gender
Using a feminist social psychological framework, we will examine theory and research related to the psychology of women and the psychology of gender. We will analyze gender as a system that influences men's and women's lives, and consider the ongoing significance of gender role socialization across the lifespan. Throughout the semester, we will consider the social and political implications of putting women at the center of psychological analysis. In addition, we will develop tools to critically analyze traditional psychological theory and research to expose sexist bias, and we will examine alternative research methodologies that provide ways to study the richness of women's lives in context.
This course is cross-listed as WGSS 135.
Attributes: AMST Struct & Instit Elective, Appropriate for First-Year, PSYC 100-level Group 3, Social Sciences, US Diversity, WGSS Sexual & Gendered Plural

140 Social Psychology
In this introduction to psychological aspects of human social behavior, we discuss such topics as the relationship between attitudes and behavior, how people judge one another, interpersonal and group influence processes, and relations between individuals and groups, with strong emphasis on real-world applications. We also introduce scientific methods and formal theories for studying social behavior.
Attributes: AMST Struct & Instit Elective, Appropriate for First-Year, ENST Discip Spec (ESDS), PSYC 100-level Group 3, Social Sciences

145 Psychology of Human Sexuality
This course is a study of human sexuality emphasizing psychological aspects. We will cover sexual development from childhood to adulthood, sexual orientations, biological influences, sexual attitudes and behavior, gender, sex therapy, sexual coercion and abuse, sexually transmitted diseases and sexual health, and the development of sexual relationships. The study of human sexuality is inherently interdisciplinary in nature (drawing from such varied disciplines as sociology, women's studies, biology, anthropology, history, and others). Although we will cover some material from these disciplines, we will take an explicitly social psychological perspective, focusing on individual, personal, and social aspects of sexual behaviors, attitudes and beliefs.
Attributes: PSYC 100-level Group 3, Social Sciences, WGSS Sexual & Gendered Plural

150 Culture and Psychology
The vast amount of what we know in psychology is based on observations from a thin sliver of the humanity pie, an unreliable foundation for generalizing knowledge across time and place. This course starts with the position that a psychological science of Homo sapiens requires examining the various cultural and historical contexts that shape human behavior. Throughout this survey course, we will consider human universals and cultural diversity across a wide array of content areas including self, cognition, motivation, emotion, interpersonal and social behaviors, and health, with emphasis on the implications of such a cultural perspective for understanding what unites and divides us in the contemporary world.
Attributes: Appropriate for First-Year, ENST Discip Spec (ESDS), PSYC 100-level Group 3, Social Sciences

155 Human Development: Conception through Adolescence
This course will provide an introduction to the principles, theories, and research methods of lifespan developmental psychology from prenatal development and birth through adolescence (0 - 18 years old). It will focus on how individuals develop physically, cognitively, socially, and emotionally at each stage of the early part of the lifespan — infancy, childhood, adolescence – and the role of context (e.g., gender, race/ethnicity, culture, family, peers, schools, neighborhoods) in shaping development. Finally, we will explore how developmental psychology can contribute toward improving lives and inform solutions to social problems.
Attributes: Appropriate for First-Year, PSYC 100-level Group 2, Social Sciences

160 Human Development: Emerging Adulthood through Death
This course provides an introduction to the principles, theories, and research methods of lifespan developmental psychology from emerging adulthood (ages 18 – 25) through the end of life. The course focuses on how individuals develop physically, cognitively, socially, and emotionally at each stage of adult life — emerging, early, middle, and late adulthood. While we will take a chronological approach to studying human development, we will also focus on integrating and reinforcing connections within and across ages and areas of development. By the end of the course, you will have gained exposure to the psychological study of human development and the ways in which gender, race, ethnicity, culture, and socioeconomic factors influence development. The course will also expose you to the role of context (e.g., marriage, work, leisure, neighborhoods) in supporting or undermining adult development and aging. Finally, we will explore the various ways knowledge gained from studying developmental processes in adulthood have been used to improve lives and inform solutions to social problems facing adults.
Attributes: Appropriate for First-Year, PSYC 100-level Group 2, Social Sciences

165 Psychopathology
An introduction to various psychological disorders and techniques of diagnosis and treatment. Relevant for students who anticipate careers in medicine, law, and the social or psychological services. This course is a Health Studies elective.
Attributes: Appropriate for First-Year, Health Studies Elective, PSYC 100-level Group 2, Social Sciences

175 Introduction to Community Psychology
This course will provide an introduction to the field of community psychology--a field that focuses on persons-in-context and the ways that social issues, institutions, and settings impact individuals' mental health and wellbeing. In the course, we will: (a) review the historical underpinnings of community psychology; (b) examine the field's major tenets and theories, including its emphasis on understanding the role of the environment in human behavior; (c) explore the field's application to a range of clinical and social issues; and (d) emulate the field's commitment to the promotion of social change through research and action. This course is a Health Studies elective.
Attributes: Appropriate for First-Year, ENST Discip Spec (ESDS), Health Studies Elective, PSYC 100-level Group 2, Social Sciences

180 Topics in Psychology
Students gain an appreciation of psychological principles by reading about and discussing a topic of interest. Course topics range from contemporary issues and historic controversies to broad themes. Recent topics courses have included Health Psychology, Unconscious Processes, and Molecules and Mental Illness.
Attributes: Appropriate for First-Year, Social Sciences

185 Survey of Psychology
A survey of areas of contemporary psychological study to acquaint students with viewpoints, findings, and techniques of investigation of the discipline.
Attributes: Appropriate for First-Year, Social Sciences

210 Analysis of Psychological Data
In this course, one of the core requirements for the major, our focus is how to make sense of numerical information. Students learn to describe and analyze data. Three hours classroom plus three hours laboratory a week. Prerequisite: any 100-level course. NOTE: Completion of both 210 and 211 fulfills the WID requirement.
Attributes: LPPM Empirical Social Analysis, Quantitative Reasoning

211 Design of Psychological Research
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Three hours classroom plus three hours laboratory a week. Prerequisite: 210. NOTE: Completion of both 210 and 211 fulfills the WID graduation requirement.

310 Research Methods in Animal Learning
Researchers in the field of animal learning have uncovered fundamental principles that govern the behavior of all organisms, including humans. This course examines the research methods that have assisted researchers in discovering such principles. Students conduct original experiments with animals and prepare written reports of their findings.
Three hours classroom plus three hours laboratory a week. Prerequisites: 110, 210 & 211; OR 125, BIOL 124 and NRSC 200.
Attributes: Division III non-Lab, NRSC Science Elective

315 Research Methods in Drugs and Behavior
This integrated lecture-laboratory course will review the mechanisms by which various classes of drugs (e.g., antidepressants) interact with the central nervous system to alter behavior. In the laboratory component, methodologies employed by behavioral pharmacologists to study the effects of drugs on behavior will be reviewed. Several hands-on projects will be conducted throughout the semester. Three hours of lecture will be complemented by three hours of laboratory a week.
Prerequisites: PSYC 110, 125, 130 or 165, PSYC 210 & 211; OR BIOL 124, PSYC 125 and NRSC 200.
Attributes: Division III non-Lab, NRSC Science Elective

320 Research Methods in Health Psychology
Health psychology is the study of psychological issues in health, illness and health care. In this course, students will learn about research methods used in health psychology and, more broadly, the scientific method. Health psychologists use many different methodologies including experimental methods in lab and field, quasi-experimental methods, and observational methods. We will discuss the application of these methods to health psychology research, as well as related topics of validity, measurement, and research ethics. This course will culminate in the design and implementation of an original research project in the area of health psychology.
Three hours classroom plus three hours laboratory a week. Prerequisite: PSYC 120, 211.
Attributes: Health Studies Elective

325 Research Methods in Biological Psychology
A comprehensive coverage of the research methods employed in the field of biopsychology. Students conduct research on the relationship between the nervous system and/or the endocrine system and human behavior.
Three hours classroom plus three hours laboratory a week. Prerequisites: 110, 125, or 130, 210 & 211; OR BIOL 124, PSYC 125 and NRSC 200.
Attributes: Division III non-Lab, NRSC Science Elective, Writing in the Discipline

330 Research Methods in Cognitive Psychology
Students devise, conduct, analyze and prepare written reports of experiments on topics such as autobiographical memory, time management, techniques for improving learning, and decision-making.
Three hours classroom plus three hours laboratory a week. Prerequisites: 130, 210 & 211; OR 125, BIOL 124 and NRSC 200.
Attributes: Division III non-Lab, NRSC Science Elective

335 Research Methods in Gender and Sexuality
This course addresses the methodological principles underlying empirical psychological research on gender and sexuality. We will specifically consider qualitative methods as they are used within psychology. Because the study of gender in particular has been strongly guided by feminist theory, this course will focus on feminist epistemologies as related to social psychological research. Class and lab time will be spent developing the following skills: critical reading and analysis of published research, design of empirical research, data collection, and qualitative data analysis. This course will culminate in the design and implementation of an original research project in the area of psychology of gender or human sexuality.
Three hours classroom plus three hours laboratory a week. Prerequisites: PSYC 210 & 211, and either PSYC 135, 140, 145, 150, 155 or 175; OR, WGSS 200 and one additional WGSS course.

340 Research Methods in Social Psychology
We conduct empirical studies in order to become familiar with techniques for measuring attitudes and social behavior in the field and the lab, for analyzing and evaluating data, and for reporting findings and conclusions. Students gain direct experience in the process of conducting research studies by working as experimenters and data analysts.
Three hours classroom plus three hours laboratory a week. Prerequisites: 140, 210 & 211.

350 Research Methods in Cross-Cultural Psychology
Each culture is unique in its understanding and beliefs regarding human nature. These differences can lead to varied perceptions of self, in-group and out-group members, time, politics, social distance and social expectations. This course is designed to support student investigation into these cultural and subcultural differences as students generate, conduct, analyze and prepare written reports of observational, survey, correlational or experimental study designs on various topics in cross-cultural psychology, stereotypes and intercultural conflict.
Three hours lecture and three hours lab per week. Prerequisite: 135, 140, 145 or 150; 210 & 211.

355 Research Methods in Developmental Psychology
An advanced presentation of the research methods and statistical techniques used by developmental psychologists including cross-sectional, longitudinal, and sequential designs. Students conduct laboratory and field-based research and develop original research proposals in the area of human development. Three hours classroom plus three hours laboratory a week.
Prerequisites: 155 or 160, & 210 & 211.
Attributes: NRSC Science Elective

365 Research Methods in Clinical Psychology
This course will introduce various strategies used in empirical research of clinical phenomena. Practice in behavioral observation systems, structured clinical interviews, and assessment techniques will be gained as students conduct research and write research reports in the area of clinical psychology.
Three hours classroom plus three hours laboratory a week. Prerequisites: 165, 210 & 211.
Attributes: Health Studies Elective

370 Research Methods in Counseling Psychology
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Prerequisite: 211 and 165.

375 Research Methods in Community Psychology
This course will emphasize gaining advanced knowledge and skills in the research methodologies of community psychology, answering the question: How does community psychology seek to scientifically understand relationships between environmental conditions and the development of health and well-being of all members of a community? Students will gain and practice skills in consultation and evaluation of programs to facilitate psychological competence and empowerment, and prevent disorder. Specifically, students will: (a) consider ways to assess and be responsive to the needs of people from marginalized populations with diverse socio-cultural, educational, and ethnic backgrounds; (b) become familiar with innovative programs and practices geared towards prevention and empowerment of disenfranchised groups; (c) apply learning (of theory and research strategies) to a problem in the community; and (d) develop skills in collaborating with Carlisle-area community members in identifying, designing, implementing, and interpreting community-based research.
Prerequisites: 210 & 211.
Attributes: Health Studies Elective, Service Learning

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Students conduct empirical research in an area of psychological science, analyze data, and report findings and conclusions.
Three hours classroom plus three hours lab per week. Prerequisite: 211. NOTE: The prerequisites for Neuroscience majors for PSYC 380 (Research Methods in Drugs & Behavior) are 125 and BIOL 124.

410 Seminar in Learning
Elementary principles govern simple and complex human behavior. This seminar examines how such principles help us understand both typical, everyday behaviors (e.g., eating) and atypical or maladaptive behaviors (e.g., drug abuse). Formal theories of learning also are discussed.
Prerequisites: 210 & 211.
Attributes: Social Sciences

420 Seminar in Health Psychology
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Pre-requisite: 211.
Attributes: Health Studies Elective

425 Seminar in Biological Psychology
An advanced seminar into the relationship between physiological systems and behavior. This course will include coverage of mammalian brain organization and function in terms of transmitter systems which are correlated with the interactions between anatomy, physiology, and behavior.
Prerequisites: 210 & 211; OR 125 and BIOL 124.
Attributes: Division III non-Lab, NRSC Science Elective

430 Seminar in Cognitive Psychology
This advanced seminar will focus on human cognition. Possible topics include, but are not limited to, intelligence and creativity, the development of physical and mental skills, learning and memory across the lifespan, and thought in humans and machines. Students will be exposed to psychological theories and research methodologies used in cognitive psychology and to current literature in the field.
Prerequisites: 210 & 211.
Attributes: NRSC Science Elective

435 Seminar in Gender and Sexuality
This course takes an interdisciplinary approach to the study of gender and sexuality, focusing largely on social psychological and feminist research and theory. This is an advanced seminar that focuses in depth on special topics within these fields. Topics may include sexual identities, gender identities, romantic and sexual relationships, gender and violence, among others. Students will develop their understanding of these topical issues by reading and writing about primary sources and by participating in and leading class discussions.
Cross-listed with WGSS 305. Prerequisite or co-requisite: 211 or WGSS 200.
Attributes: SXST QLGBT Perspectives, US Diversity, WGSS Sexual & Gendered Plural

440 Seminar in Social Psychology
In this seminar, we read and discuss primary sources in theoretical or applied social psychology. Previous seminars have looked at applications of social psychology principles in law, medicine, mental health, consumer behavior, conservation, and education, and theories of social construal, social influence, and social systems. Students are responsible for leading class sessions and contributing to a group document, such as an annotated bibliography or literature review.
Prerequisites: PSYC 210 & 211.

450 Cultural Processes and Human Behavior
This seminar covers advanced research as it pertains to culture and psychology. To fully appreciate how culture is intertwined with human behavior, it is necessary to go beyond a survey of research that merely describes cultural variation. By cultural processes, we mean why, how, and when culture comes to shape psychological functioning for group differences to arise. As a result, we will pay close attention to different ways of accounting for cultural influence as well as the specific ways in which cultures vary. We will conclude this course by discussing some recent applications of this emerging science of cultural processes.
Prerequisite: 210 & 211.

460 Seminar in Developmental Psychology
This advanced seminar will develop students’ understanding of how social and contextual forces can shape human development. It will focus on how physical, cognitive, social, and emotional development might be similar or dissimilar based on different life experiences. This course will consider development at all stages of life - childhood, adolescence, emerging adulthood and adulthood. When appropriate, this course will draw on perspectives from related disciplines (e.g., history, sociology, public health). Additionally, this course will consider how social categories (e.g., gender, race/ethnicity) influence development. Finally, we will explore how knowledge gained from studying developmental processes in adulthood have been used to improve lives and inform solutions to social problems.Prerequisite: 211

465 Seminar in Clinical Psychology
An advanced seminar in which students read and discuss primary sources in theoretical and applied clinical psychology. The purpose of this course is to help students gain a deeper understanding of the processes of clinical assessment, treatment, and prevention of psychopathology.
Prerequisites: 210 & 211.
Attributes: Health Studies Elective

470 Seminar in Counseling Psychology
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Prerequisite: 211.

475 Seminar in Community Psychology
The practice of community psychology is typically directed toward the design and evaluation of strategies aimed at facilitating empowerment, preventing psychological disorders, and promoting social justice and change. The goal is to optimize the well-being of individuals and communities with innovative and alternative interventions designed in collaboration with affected community members and with other related disciplines inside and outside of psychology. This course is an advanced seminar that focuses in depth on special topics in the field of community psychology. Topics may include substance abuse and addiction, delinquency, stress and coping, prevention vs. intervention, social support, and program consultation and evaluation. Students will develop their understanding of topical issues by reading primary and secondary sources and participating in class discussions and applied exercises.
Prerequisites: 210 & 211.
Attributes: Health Studies Elective, Service Learning

480 Seminar in Advanced Topics
Advanced seminar in which students become actively engaged in reading about, reviewing, and discussing selected topics of importance in the discipline. Recent advanced topics courses have included The Psychology of Law and Medicine, Psychopharmacology, The Psychology of Groups, and Psychology of Identification.
Prerequisites: 210 & 211.
Attributes: Social Sciences